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刘玉荣.全球价值链重塑背景下中国国际分工地位测度与演变趋势分析[J].南京邮电大学学报(社会科学版),2020,22(4):41~57
全球价值链重塑背景下中国国际分工地位测度与演变趋势分析
China’s international specialization status and trend in the context of global value chain reconstruction
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  全球价值链重塑  国际分工地位  GVC地位指数
英文关键词:reconstruction of GVC  international specialization status  GVC position index
基金项目:江苏省社科基金项目“全球价值链双环流下江苏形成高水平对外开放格局的目标与实现路径”(19EYB007);南京邮电大学引进人才项目“制造业服务化与中国国际分工地位提升:基于全球价值链视角”(NYY218003)
作者单位
刘玉荣 南京邮电大学 经济学院 江苏 南京210023 
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中文摘要:
      基于WIOD数据库2000—2014年世界投入产出表,采用“GVC地位指数”等指标,对中国国际分工地位进行测度并分析其演变趋势。研究结果表明,中国GVC地位指数呈先下降再上升的“V”型变化特征,但GVC参与度有所下降,这表明中国逐步向价值链两端攀升,成为GVC的重要枢纽;细分行业看,服务业地位指数高于制造业,服务业竞争力不断提升。服务业前向参与度高于制造业,后向参与度低于制造业,为制造业GVC提升提供了有力支撑。制造业后向参与度呈现“M”型趋势,前向参与度稳步上升,表明中国制造业对进口中间产品的依赖程度下降,逐渐成为中间品的主要供应国;细分行业看,制造业GVC地位的提高主要来源于劳动密集型GVC地位指数的提高,资本密集型和知识密集型行业的GVC地位指数不高,我国需要大力发展高新技术产业,进一步提高制造业在全球价值链中的地位。
英文摘要:
      Based on the 2000—2014 World Input Output Table of the WIOD database, this paper re measures China’s international specialization status and analyzes the dynamic evolution trend using the “GVC position” proposed by Koopman et al. The results show that: In general, China’s GVC position takes on a downward and then upward trend with “V” type characteristics, but the GVC participation has declined, which indicates that China gradually moves to both ends of the value chain, and has become an important hub of GVC. In terms of industries, the service industry status index is higher than that of the manufacturing industry, and the service industry’s competitiveness is constantly improving. The service industry’s forward participation is higher than that of the manufacturing industry, and the backward participation is lower than that of the manufacturing industry, which provides strong support for the improvement of the manufacturing GVC. The backwardness of participation in the manufacturing industry showed an “M” trend, and the forward participation increased steadily, indicating that China’s manufacturing industry’s dependence on imported intermediate products has declined and become a major supplier of intermediate goods. In the manufacturing sectors, the improvement of the GVC position of the manufacturing industry mainly comes from the improvement of the labor intensive GVC position. The GVC position of capital intensive and knowledge intensive industries is not high, and it is urgent to vigorously develop high tech industries and improve the position of manufacturing in the global value chain.
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