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庄国波,景步阳.人工智能时代城市的“韧性”与应急管理[J].南京邮电大学学报(社会科学版),2019,21(04):20~30
人工智能时代城市的“韧性”与应急管理
Resilience and emergency management of citiesin the artificial intelligence era
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  应急管理  韧性城市理论  人工智能  公共安全
英文关键词:emergency management  the theory of resilient city  artificial intelligence  public security
基金项目:
作者单位
庄国波 南京邮电大学 社会与人口学院江苏 南京210023 
景步阳 南京邮电大学 社会与人口学院江苏 南京210023 
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中文摘要:
      在城市应急管理中,强化城市的“承灾能力”和“自恢复能力”,有利于完善现代城市治理体系,提升城市治理现代化水平。从“韧性城市”理论的视角,分析传统城市应急管理的方法和措施在事前预测预警能力、事中处置应对能力和事后恢复重建能力上面临的新问题:应急预警能力有待提高、应急处置措施有待改进、协同应对能力有待加强。我们应抓住人工智能时代科技发展的新机遇,努力做到智能化的预测预警及应急响应,全过程的实时感知及趋势分析,多方面的协同应对与恢复重建,以提高城市应急管理的智能化水平和抵御各种灾害的能力。
英文摘要:
      In the urban emergency management, to strengthen the “disaster bearing capability” and “self recovery capability” of cities is conducive to building a modern urban governance system and raising the modernization level of urban governance. From the perspective of the “resilient city” theory, this paper analyzes the new problems faced by the traditional urban emergency management methods and measures in the abilities of forecasting and early warning in advance, responding in the event and recovering and reconstruction after the event. It finds that the early emergency warning ability needs to be improved, the means of emergency responses need to be enhanced, and the ability of coordination needs to be strengthened. The paper further suggests to seize the new opportunities of scientific and technological development in the era of artificial intelligence, and strive to achieve intelligent prediction, early warning and emergency response, real time perception and trend analysis of whole process as well as full cooperative responses and reconstruction, so that the intelligent level of urban emergency management and the capability to resist various disasters will be raised.
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