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陆洋.我国对区块链立法规制的沿袭、突破与展开[J].南京邮电大学学报(社会科学版),2021,(02):24~36
我国对区块链立法规制的沿袭、突破与展开
Consistency, breakthrough and structure of the blockchain regulation in China
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  区块链  网络法  密码法  立法  法律科技
英文关键词:blockchain  cyberlaw  lex cryptographia  legislation  legal technology
基金项目:国家留学基金委“国家建设高水平大学公派研究生项目”(201507070031)
作者单位
陆洋 德国弗莱堡大学 法学院德国 弗莱堡79085 
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中文摘要:
      随着信息互联网向价值互联网的转型,区块链技术进入了规模应用阶段,对区块链进行立法规制成为法律体系新一轮更新的重点。对区块链的规制可分为区块链关联法与区块链专门法两部分。一方面,这一规制延续了既有网络法体系,体现为既有法律框架中各部门法通过个案形成对区块链进行规制的个别法律规范,新的区块链专门立法受既有网络法上位规范和立法原则的约束。另一方面,区块链可以保障生产要素的高效流动、辅助法律实施,其应用中潜在的多重风险与挑战决定了相关立法规制必然要突破既有法律框架。区块链立法规制中尤为典型地体现出网络法自律与他律相结合的原则,通过直接规制和间接规制两种进路具体展开,对应于哈特所分类的初级规则与次级规则。
英文摘要:
      With the transformation from the Internet of Information to the Internet of Value, blockchain technology is now being applied on a large scale, legislation on blockchain therefore has become the main focus of this round of self-renewal process of legal system. The regulation on blockchain can be divided into two parts: blockchain-related law and blockchain-specified law. On the one hand, this regulation is in consistent with the existing legal system, which is reflected partly in the individual legal norms on blockchain-related cases formed by sectors of the existing legal framework, also the binding effect of principles in the existing cyberlaw on the new blockchain-specified legislation. On the other hand, the distribution of production factors and the implement of law has become important application scenarios of the blockchain technology, the potential new risks and challenges accompanied such application require that the legislation must exceed the existing legal framework. Legislation on blockchain typically embodies the principle of combined autonomy and heteronomy in cyberlaw, which is unfolded in direct and indirect approaches, in accordance with Harts classification of primary rules and secondary rules.
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