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冯国林.经济史视角下的清末民初官方邮局与民信局之争[J].南京邮电大学学报(社会科学版),2021,(04):91~
经济史视角下的清末民初官方邮局与民信局之争
The dispute between the State Post Bureau and the Civil Post Bureau in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China from the perspective of economic history
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  清末民初  大清邮政  民信局  商业竞争
英文关键词:late Qing Dynasty and early Republic of China  state post service of Qing Dynasty  Civil Post Bureau  business competition
基金项目:国家建设高水平大学公派研究生项目留金选(2019)110;华中师范大学中央高校基本科研业务费资助项目“近代东亚变局中的朝鲜华商研究”(2020CXZZ048)
作者单位
冯国林 华中师范大学 中国近代史研究所湖北 武汉 430079 
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中文摘要:
      官方邮局与民信局为争夺邮政市场,在资费与业务等领域展开激烈竞争。为适应形势变化,民信局开始利用新式交通工具发展业务。民信局虽然通过请愿、走私等形式规避官邮控制,但还是走向衰落。民信局与官方邮局的竞争促使官方邮局更趋商业化。民信局积极利用轮船等新式交通工具,而大清邮局则积极学习民信局优点,拓展业务范围。
英文摘要:
      In order to compete for the postal market, the State Post Bureau and the Civil Post Bureau compete fiercely in the fields of tariff competition and business competition. In order to adapt to the changing situation, the Civil Post Bureau began to develop its business by using new means of transportation. In addition, the Civil Post Bureau evaded the control of State Post through petition, smuggling and other forms, but on the whole, the Civil Post Bureau began to decline. The competition between the Civil Post Bureau and the State Post Bureau has promoted the commercialization of the State Post service. The Civil Post Bureau has actively used new transportation such as ships, while the State Post Bureau of Qing Dynasty has actively learned the advantages of the Civil Post Bureau and expanded its business scope.
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